What is erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the inability to get and maintain an erection that is sufficient for satisfactory sexual intercourse.

What Causes erectile dysfunction?

Physical causes include:

  • narrowing of the blood vessels going to the penis – commonly associated with high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol or diabetes ( high sugar)
  • hormonal problems
  • surgery or injury

Psychological causes of ED include:

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • relationship problems

What is the treatment?

Treating underlying conditions

If your ED is caused by an underlying health condition, such as heart disease or diabetes, that condition may need to be treated first before treatment for ED can begin. In some cases, treating the underlying cause may also resolve the problem of ED.

If you are taking a medication that can cause ED and changing to alternative medicine can cure the problem

lifestyle changes

The symptoms of ED can often be improved by making changes to your lifestyle. You  can reduce your risk of ED by:

losing weight if you are overweight

Giving up smoking

moderating your alcohol consumption

not taking illegal drugs


reducing stress


Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors

Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are one of the most widely used and effective types of medication for treating ED. They work by temporarily increasing the blood flow to  your penis.

sildenafil –brand name Viagra

tadalafil – brand name Cialis

verdenafil brand name levitra

Vacuum pumps

A vacuum pump is another treatment method for ED. It consists of a clear plastic tube that is connected to a pump, which is either hand or battery operated.


This is a synthetic (man-made) hormone that helps to stimulate blood flow to the penis in two different root

an injection directly into your penis – this is called an intracavernosal injection

a small pellet placed inside your urethra (the tube that carries urine from your       bladder to the tip of your penis) – this is called urethral application

Psychological treatments


Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT

Complementary therapies

Some complementary therapies, such as acupuncture, have claimed to treat ED. However, there is little evidence that they are useful